Oct 23

IRS Announces 2018 Solo 401(k) Contribution Limits

Under the 2018 Solo 401(k) contribution rules, a plan participant under the age of 50 can make a maximum annual employee deferral contribution in the amount of $18,500. That amount can be made in pre-tax, after-tax or Roth. On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) annual profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $55,000, an increase of $1,000 from 2017.

IRS Announces 2018 Solo 401(k) Contribution LimitsFor plan participants over the age of 50, an individual can make a maximum annual employee deferral contribution in the amount of $24,500. That amount can be made in pre-tax, after tax, or Roth. On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) annual profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $61,000, an increase of $1,000 from 2017.

One of the main benefits of a Solo 401(k) Plan is the opportunity to make higher annual contributions in pre-tax, after-tax or Roth.

IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) plan is unique and so popular because it is designed explicitly for small, owner-only business. In addition, to the high annual contribution limitations. There are many features of the IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) plan that make it so appealing for small business owners.

Tax and Penalty Free Loan

Unlike most Solo 401(k) Plans offered by the traditional financial institutions such as Fidelity, IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan allows plan participants to borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of their account value (whichever is less) for any purpose, including paying credit card bills, mortgage payments, or anything else. The loan has to be paid back over a five-year period at least quarterly at a minimum prime interest rate (you have the option of selecting a higher interest rate).

Checkbook Control & No Transaction Fees

The most attractive feature of the IRA Financial Group Solo 401(k) Plan is that it offers the plan participant checkbook control over his or her retirement funds. In the case of a conventional Solo 401(k) Plan offered by most financial institutions, the plan participant is relegated to making traditional investments, such as stocks and or mutual funds. In addition, the Solo 401(k) Plan account is required to be opened at the financial institution. With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, the plan account can be opened at any local bank, including Chase, Wells Fargo, and even Fidelity. In addition, with IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, the plan participant can make almost any traditional as well as non-traditional investments, such as real estate, precious metals, tax liens, and much more. With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, the Plan participant has the freedom to make the investments he or she wants while at the same time opening the 401(k) account at any local bank. As trustee of the Solo 401(k) Plan, the Plan Participant (you) can serve as the trustee providing you checkbook control over your retirement funds. With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, making a Solo 401(k) Plan investment is as simple as writing a check.

Invest in Real Estate & Much More Tax-Free

With IRA Financial Group’s Self-Directed Solo 401(k) plan, you will be able to invest in almost any type of investment opportunity that you discover, including: real estate, tax liens, precious metals, private notes, hard money loans, private business, etc.; your only limit is your imagination. The income and gains from these investments will flow back into your Solo 401(k) tax-free.

Roth Contributions & Conversion

Unlike a conventional Solo 401(k) Plan offered by most financial institutions, IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan contains a built in Roth sub-account which can be contributed to without any income restrictions. In addition, the IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan allows for the conversion of a traditional 401(k) or 403(b) account to a Roth subaccount. However, the Solo 401(k) Plan participant must pay income tax on the amount converted.

Easy Administration

IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan is easy to operate. There is generally no annual filing requirement unless your solo 401(k) Plan exceeds $250,000 in assets, in which case you will need to file a short information return with the IRS (Form 5500-EZ). However, unlike a financial institution, the tax professionals at the IRA Financial Group will assist you in completing this form, if it is required.

To learn more about the advantages of the Solo 401K Plan with Checkbook Control please contact a 401(k) Expert at 800-472-0646.

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Oct 02

Non-Deductible Solo 401(k) Contribution Strategy

The Secret Way to Boost Your Annual 401(k) Plan Contributions

In the case of an IRA, most people know that IRA contributions can be made in pre-tax, after-tax, or Roth. However, it is not widely known that a Solo 401(k) plan can allow you to make non-deductible plan contributions based off your income on a dollar for dollar basis.

Types of Plan Contributions

A contribution to a pre-tax 401(k) plan is a tax-deductible contribution; however, it is subject to tax when distributed. Unlike pre-tax elective contributions, a Roth 401(k) plan contribution is an after-tax contribution that is currently includible in gross income but generally tax-free when distributed. Whereas, when after-tax plan contributions are made from an employee’s compensation (other than Roth contributions), then an employee must include it as income on his or her tax return.

Non-Deductible 401(k) Plan Contribution Tax Strategy

Non-Deductible Solo 401(k) Contribution StrategyGenerally, when an individual is over the age of 50, he or she is able to make employee deferrals in a pre-tax fund or Roth of up to $18,000 or $24,000. A profit sharing contribution can be made in pre-tax funds in the amount equal to 25% of compensation (20% in case of self-employment or a single member LLC), and both contributions cannot exceed $54,000 or $60,000 in the aggregate for 2017. An after-tax deferral, (neither Roth or pre-tax), is also an option that can go up to $54,000 or $60,000 and include other plan contributions such as employee deferrals and profit sharing. For example, if a 40-year-old self-employed individual earns $100,000 in 2017, he or she would be able to make a maximum employee deferral contribution of $18,000 in pre-tax funds or Roth and make an after-tax contribution dollar-for dollar equal to $36,000. This is the difference between $54,000 (the maximum annual 401(k) contribution for 2017) and $18,000, the maximum employee deferral contributions limit. Those contributions can then be converted to a Roth. The advantage of making after-tax contributions versus a profit sharing contribution is that you can make a dollar for dollar contribution as opposed to a profit sharing contribution, which is based off a percentage of your compensation (20% or 25%). If a profit sharing contribution were made instead of an after-tax contribution, the individual would only be able to make a $20,000 contribution, giving him or her an annual contribution of just $38,000 versus $54,000 if employee deferrals were combined with after-tax contributions.

Is the Nondeductible 401(k) Contribution Option New?

No, Non-deductible 401(k) plan contributions are not new, but new IRS regulations (Notice 2014-54) make after-tax contributions more appealing and allows the retiree to effectively segregate the after-tax assets from the pre-tax funds. The pre-tax funds can be rolled into a Traditional IRA, whereas the after-tax dollars can be converted into a Roth IRA.

Do All Solo 401(k) Plans Allow for Non-Deductible contributions?

No. You must check the 401(k) plan documents to confirm that the plan allows for non-deductible contributions. IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan allows for non-deductible contributions, in addition to pre-tax and Roth contributions.

For additional information on making non-deductible contributions to a Solo 401(k) plan, please contact one of our Solo 401(k) plan experts at 800-472-0646.

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Jul 24

Setting the Record Straight on Solo 401k Plans

The Solo 401(k) Plan is essentially a regular, plain-old, vanilla 401(k) plan that has one participant, who is a self-employed individual, or that person and his or her spouse. There is some misinformation being disseminated about these plans and we would like to set the record straight. We want to let you know what is fact and what is fiction according to the Internal Revenue Service.

A 401(k) plan for a self-employed individual is a new kind of plan.

Fiction

The “one-participant 401(k) plan” is not a new type of plan. It is a traditional 401(k) plan covering only one employee. The plans have the same rules and requirements as any other 401(k) plan. The surging interest in these plans is a result of the EGTRRA tax law change that became effective in 2002. The law changed how salary deferral contributions are treated when calculating the maximum deduction limits for contributions to a 401(k) plan. This change created an opportunity for some people to put away additional amounts toward their retirement. The Solo 401(k) Plan is best suited for business owners who do not have any employees, other than themselves and perhaps their spouse.

I can make up to $60,000 of contributions to my 401(k) Plan as employee and employer each year.

Fact

The annual Solo 401k contribution consists of 2 parts, an employee salary deferral contribution and an employer profit sharing contribution. In 2017 the total contribution limit for a Solo 401k is $54,000 or $60,000 if age 50 or older. The total allowable contribution limits are combined to get the maximum Solo 401k contribution limit.

Under the 2017 Solo 401(k) contribution rules, a plan participant under the age of 50 can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $18,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax or after-tax (Roth). On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $54,000.

For plan participants over the age of 50, an individual can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $24,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax or after-tax (Roth). On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $60,000.

Employee Elective Deferrals

Under the 2017 Solo 401(k) contribution rules, a plan participant under the age of 50 can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $18,000.

For plan participants over the age of 50, an individual can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $24,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax or after-tax (Roth).

Employer Profit Sharing Contributions

Through the role of employer, an additional contribution can be made to the plan in an amount up to 25% of the participant’s K-1 or self-employment compensation (20% in the case of a Sole Proprietor or Schedule C Tax Payer).

Total Limit

In 2017, the maximum solo 401(k) plan contribution limitation is $54,000 and $60,000 for plan participants over the age of 50.

If the business owner’s spouse elects to participate in the Solo 401(k) and earns compensation from the business, the spouse is allowed to make separate and equal contributions increasing the couples’ annual total contribution to $108,000 for 2017 or $120,000 if both spouses over age 50.

Solo 401k contributions are flexible. Both the salary deferral and the profit sharing contributions are optional and can be changed at any time based on business profitability.

A Solo 401k participant can contribute to the plan as an employee and as employer.

As a Trustee of the Solo 401(k) Plan I can make investments in traditional and non-traditional investments, such a real estate.

Fact

A Solo 401(k) offers a self-employed business owner the ability to use their retirement funds to make almost any type of investment on their own, including real estate, tax liens, and precious metals without requiring the consent of any custodian or person.

Unlike an IRA, I can use a nonrecourse loan to purchase real estate with my 401(k) Plan?

Fact

When an IRA buys real estate that is leveraged with mortgage financing, it creates Unrelated Debt Financed Income (a type of Unrelated Business Taxable Income) on which taxes must be paid. A Solo 401(k) plan is exempt from UDFI pursuant to Section 514.

I can borrow the lesser of $50,000 or 50% of my 401(k) account value for any purpose?

Fact

A Solo 401k loan is permitted at any time using the accumulated balance of the solo 401k as collateral for the loan. A Solo 401(k) participant can borrow up to either $50,000 or 50% of their account value – whichever is less. This loan has to be repaid over an amortization schedule of 5 years or less with payment frequency no greater than quarterly. The interest rate must be set at a reasonable rate of interest – generally interpreted as prime rate as per The Wall Street Journal. As of 6/23/17 prime rate is 4.25%, which means participant loans are to be set at a very reasonable interest rate. The Interest rate is fixed based on the prime rate at the time of the loan application.

As a self-employed individual I can defer $18,000 in pre-tax deferrals and $18,000 in after-tax deferrals (Roth).

Fiction

The answer is “No.” There is one limit per person for all types of elective deferrals. However, the $18,000 can be split in any ratio between the Roth and the pre-tax elective deferrals.

Employer contributions to a 401(k) Plan are due when the employer’s tax return is due.

Fact

Employer contributions are not required to be made until the due date of the employer’s tax return, plus extensions. So, in the case of a sole proprietor, this is when the 1040 is due – October 15, if an extension was filed.

If I have two jobs, I can contribute the maximum to both company’s plans.

Fiction

The 402(g) limits are by person, not by plan. For example, Steve, aged 40, is employed by Company X, and participates in Company X’s 401(k) plan. Steve defers the most allowed by Code section 402(g) for 2017, $18,000. He also has his own business with a 401(k). He will not be able to defer anything in the self-employed 401(k) for 2017. This is because the Code section 402(g) limit applies to the individual and he has already deferred the maximum allowed for the year.

If I am the only participant and have a 401(k) plan, I don’t have to file any annual Form 5500 returns.

It depends

A Form 5500-EZ (or Form 5500) does not have to be filed for a plan year (other than the final plan year) that begins on or after January 1, 2011, if you have one or more one-participant plans that separately or together had total assets of $250,000 or less at the end of that plan year. In other words, if the assets of the plan or plans exceed $250,000, a Form 5500-EZ is required for a one-participant plan. The IRA-based plans almost never have an annual Form 5500 filing requirement, regardless of the value of the IRA assets.

If additional employees are hired, they don’t have to be covered under a 401(k) plan for self-employed individuals.

Fiction

Just because the plan is called Solo 401(k), it doesn’t mean that if the business is expanded and employees are added, the plan is only for one employee. If the new employee meets the eligibility requirements under the plan, then he or she will be required to enter the plan and be eligible for salary deferrals. Assuming that the new employee is a non-highly compensated employee, the plan is now subject to nondiscrimination testing, known as the ADP and ACP tests.

Please contact one of our Solo 401(k) Experts at 800-472-0646 for more information.

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Jul 14

Contribution Limits for the Solo 401k Make it the Retirement Choice for the Self-Employed

Under the 2017 Solo 401(k) contribution rules, a plan participant under the age of 50 can make a maximum annual employee deferral contribution in the amount of $18,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax, after-tax or Roth. On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) annual profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $54,000, an increase of $1,000 from 2016.

For plan participants over the age of 50, an individual can make a maximum annual employee deferral contribution in the amount of $24,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax, after tax, or Roth. On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) annual profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $60,000, an increase of $1,000 from 2016.

One of the main benefits of a Solo 401(k) Plan is the opportunity to make higher annual contributions in pre-tax, after-tax or Roth.

IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) plan is unique and so popular because it is designed explicitly for small, owner-only business. In addition, to the high annual contribution limitations. There are many features of the IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) plan that make it so appealing for small business owners.

Tax and Penalty Free Loan

Unlike most Solo 401(k) Plans offered by the traditional financial institutions such as Fidelity, IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan allows plan participants to borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of their account value (whichever is less) for any purpose, including paying credit card bills, mortgage payments, or anything else. The loan has to be paid back over a five-year period at least quarterly at a minimum prime interest rate (you have the option of selecting a higher interest rate).

Checkbook Control & No Transaction Fees

The most attractive feature of the IRA Financial Group Solo 401(k) Plan is that it offers the plan participant checkbook control over his or her retirement funds. In the case of a conventional Solo 401(k) Plan offered by most financial institutions, the plan participant is relegated to making traditional investments, such as stocks and or mutual funds. In addition, the Solo 401(k) Plan account is required to be opened at the financial institution. With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, the plan account can be opened at any local bank, including Chase, Wells Fargo, and even Fidelity. In addition, with IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, the plan participant can make almost any traditional as well as non-traditional investments, such as real estate, precious metals, tax liens, and much more. With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, the Plan participant has the freedom to make the investments he or she wants while at the same time opening the 401(k) account at any local bank. As trustee of the Solo 401(k) Plan, the Plan Participant (you) can serve as the trustee providing you checkbook control over your retirement funds. With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan, making a Solo 401(k) Plan investment is as simple as writing a check.

Invest in Real Estate & Much More Tax-Free

With IRA Financial Group’s Self-Directed Solo 401(k) plan, you will be able to invest in almost any type of investment opportunity that you discover, including: real estate, tax liens, precious metals, private notes, hard money loans, private business, etc.; your only limit is your imagination. The income and gains from these investments will flow back into your Solo 401(k) tax-free.

Roth Contributions & Conversion

Unlike a conventional Solo 401(k) Plan offered by most financial institutions, IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan contains a built in Roth sub-account which can be contributed to without any income restrictions. In addition, the IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan allows for the conversion of a traditional 401(k) or 403(b) account to a Roth subaccount. However, the Solo 401(k) Plan participant must pay income tax on the amount converted.

Easy Administration

IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan is easy to operate. There is generally no annual filing requirement unless your solo 401(k) Plan exceeds $250,000 in assets, in which case you will need to file a short information return with the IRS (Form 5500-EZ). However, unlike a financial institution, the tax professionals at the IRA Financial Group will assist you in completing this form is require.

To learn more about the advantages of the Solo 401K Plan with Checkbook Control please contact a 401(k) Expert at 800-472-0646.

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May 03

New Trump Passthrough Tax Plan Could Impact Retirement Savings for Small Business

Proposed 15% tax rate on business income could reduce Solo 401(k) Plan and SEP IRA contributions

IRA Financial Group, the leading provider of self-directed solo 401(k) plans, has issued a report that believes that President Trump proposed 15% tax rate for so called pass-through businesses, such as partnerships, LLCs and S Corporations, will help many small business owners reinvest in their business by saving on taxes, but could also result in less solo 401(k) plan or SEP IRA contributions for many small business owners. “Because business passthrough income will be taxed at a lower tax rate then compensation and since compensation is the basis for solo 401(k) or SEP IRA contributions for many small business owners, President Trump’s proposed tax rate of 15% could result in small business owners making less plan contributions,” stated Adam Bergman, a tax partner with the IRA Financial Group.

According to Mr. Bergman, since retirement savings is based on the amount of compensation one receives and not on the amount of profits a business generates, the less compensation one receives will directly impact the amount of retirement savings that may be available and could impact the amount of Solo 401(k) plan or SEP IRA contributions available to many small business owners.

The solo 401(k) Plan, also known as the individual 401(k) Plan or self-directed 401(k), is an IRS approved qualified retirement plan that was created specifically for the self-employed. The IRS created the solo 401k Plan to be a cost effective retirement solution for the self-employed or a business owner with no employees. A solo 401K is perfect for sole proprietors, small businesses and independent contractors such as consultants. A solo 401k plan offers the same advantages as a self-directed SEP IRA, but without having to hire a special custodian or create an LLC. With IRA Financial Group’s IRS approved solo 401(k) plan, a plan participant can make annual contributions up to $54,000 or $60,000 over the age of 50, as well as borrow up to $50,000 tax-free, and make traditional as well as tax deferred alternative asset investments, such as real estate.

The IRA Financial Group was founded by a group of top law firm tax and ERISA lawyers who have worked at some of the largest law firms in the United States, such as White & Case LLP, Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP, and Thelen LLP.

IRA Financial Group is the market’s leading provider of self-directed IRA LLC and Solo 401(k) plans. IRA Financial Group has helped thousands of clients take back control over their retirement funds while gaining the ability to invest in almost any type of investment, including real estate without custodian consent.

To learn more about the IRA Financial Group please visit our website at http://www.irafinancialgroup.com or call 800-472-0646.

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Mar 17

IRA Financial Group Vs. Vanguard Solo 401k Plan

The Solo 401K Plan, also known as the Individual 401K or Self Directed 401K Plan is an IRS approved plan that was designed specifically for the self-employed or small business owner with no employees other than the owners(s). Since the adoption of the 2002 Economic Growth and Tax Reconciliation Act, the Solo 401K Plan has become the most popular retirement plan for the self-employed.

When it comes to deciding what type of Solo 401K plan is best for you and your business, it is important to look at all the options the plan provides to make sure it will satisfy your retirement planning, tax, and investment goals.

IRA Financial Group Vs. Vanguard Solo 401k PlanMost banks and financial institutions, such as Vanguard offer Solo 401K Plans. The Solo 401K Plans are typically quite restrictive and only permit the plan participant to make limited investments without benefiting from most of the available IRS approved options such as the tax-free loan and Roth contributions. However, if you do not want to be forced to invest all your hard earn retirement savings in the stock market, than the Vanguard Solo 401K Plans may end up not being very attractive.  In addition, the Vanguard Solo 401K Plans will not offer a loan feature or allow you to make Roth Type contributions.

IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K plan is unique and so popular because it is designed explicitly for small, owner only business.

Unlike Vanguard’s Solo 401K Plan, by adopting IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan, you can serve as trustee of the plan and make traditional investments as well as non-traditional investments such as real estate tax-free and without custodian consent.

Have an investment you want to make with your retirement funds, like real estate, but Vanguard won’t let you do it even though it ‘s approved by the IRS?  Then IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan is your solution.

Make high Tax-Free Contributions: Similar to the Vanguard Solo 401K Plan, with IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan you can to make tax-deductible annual contributions up to $54,000 annually with an additional $6,000 catch up contribution for those over age 50 for 2017.

Tax-Free Loan:  Fidelity Solo 401K Plan offers no loan feature, while IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan allows plan participants to borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of their account value (whichever is less) for any purpose. The loan has to be paid back over a five-year period at least quarterly at a minimum Prime interest rate (you have the option of selecting a higher interest rate)

Checkbook Control: The most significant advantage of the IRA Financial Group Solo 401k Plan versus the Vanguard Solo 401K Plan is that it offers you checkbook control over your retirement funds. With the Vanguard Solo 401K Plan, the plan participant is relegated to making traditional investments such as stocks and or mutual funds.  In addition, the Solo 401KPlan account is required to be opened at Vanguard.  With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan, the plan account can be opened at any local bank, including Chase, Wells Fargo, and even Fidelity.  In addition, with IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan, the plan participant can make almost any traditional as well as non-traditional investments, such as real estate, precious metals, tax liens, third-party lending, notes, stock, private business, and much more. With IRA financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan, the Plan participant has the freedom to make the investments he or she wants while at the same time to open the 401K account at any local bank or credit union. With IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan, you can serve as the trustee of the plan giving you checkbook control over your retirement funds. In contrast to Vanguard’s Solo 401K Plan, which restricts your investment opportunities to stocks and mutual funds, with IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan, making a traditional as well as non-traditional investment such as real estate is as simple as writing a check.

After-Tax Contributions: Vanguard’s Solo 401K Plan does not allow for Roth or after-tax contributions. IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan contains a built in Roth sub-account which can be contributed to without any income restrictions.  In addition, Vanguard’s Solo 401K Plan does not allow for in-plan Roth conversions or rollovers.  Whereas, IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan allows for in-plan Roth conversions. However, the Solo 401K Plan participant must pay income tax on the amount converted.

Easy Administration:  Like Vanguard’s Solo 401K Plan, IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan is easy to operate. There is generally no annual filing requirement unless your solo 401K Plan exceeds $250,000 in assets, in which case you will need to file a short information return with the IRS (Form 5500-EZ). 
Unlike Vanguard, however, the tax attorneys at the IRA Financial Group will assist you in completing this form is required

No Tax on Real Estate Financing:  Since the Vanguard Solo 401K Plan does allow for real estate investments, you would not be able to benefit from the ability to use nonrecourse financing tax-free when making real estate investments with Solo 401K retirement funds. IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan will allow one to use nonrecourse leverage tax-free when making real estate investments with plan assets.

IRA Financial Group will take care of setting up your entire Solo 401k Plan. The whole process can be handled by phone, email, fax, or mail and typically takes between 2-7 days to complete, the timing largely depending on the state of formation and the custodian holding your retirement funds. Our 401k experts and tax and ERISA attorneys are on site greatly reducing the set-up time and cost. Most importantly, each client of the IRA Financial Group is assigned a tax attorney to help with the establishment of the Solo 401k Plan. You will find that our fee for this service is significantly less than other companies that perform the same or similar services.

To learn more about the advantages of choosing the IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401K Plan over the Vanguard Solo 401K Plan, please contact a tax professional at 800-472-0646 or visit www.irafinancialgroup.com.

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Dec 16

2016 401k Contribution Deadline – December 31

The deadline for making Solo 401K Plan contributions is typically dependent on the type of entity that has adopted the Solo 401K Plan as well as the type of contribution – employee deferral vs. profit sharing contribution.

Sole Proprietorship

Employee Deferral

In the case of a sole proprietorship, a business owner under the age of 50 may make employee deferral contributions up to $18,000 for 2016 (an employee over the age of 50 may make a $6,000 annual catch-up contribution for an annual deferral contribution imitation of $24,000). An Employee must elect to make the employee deferral contribution by December 31 of the year. However, the employer deferral contribution can be made up until the tax-filing deadline.

The employee deferral contribution can be made using pre-tax and/or after-tax (Roth) funds.

Profit Sharing Contribution

The sole proprietorship business may make annual profit sharing contributions for the business owner and spouse annually. Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(3) states that the amount of employer contributions is limited to 25 percent of the entity’s income subject to self-employment tax. Schedule C sole-proprietors must do an added calculation starting with earned income to determine their maximum contribution, which, in effect, brings the maximum 25% of compensation limit down to 20% of earned income. A step-by-step worksheet for this calculation can be found in IRS Publication 560. In general, compensation is your net earnings from self-employment. This definition takes into account both of the following items: (i) the deduction for one-half of your self-employment tax, and (ii) the deduction for contributions on your behalf to the plan.

The profit sharing contribution must be made by the business’s tax-filing deadline.

Single Member LLC

Employee Deferral

In the case of a single member LLC, the single member LLC owner under the age of age 50 may make employee deferral contributions up to $18,000 for 2016 (an employee over the age of 50 may make a $6,000 annual catch-up contribution for an annual deferral contribution limitation of $24,000). The single member LLC owner must elect to make the employee deferral contribution by December 31 of the year. However, the employer deferral contribution can be made up until the tax-filing deadline.

The employee deferral contribution can be made using pre-tax and/or after-tax (Roth) funds.

Profit Sharing Contribution

The single Member LLC business may make annual profit sharing contributions for the business owner and spouse annually. Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(3) states that the amount of employer contributions is limited to 25 percent of the entity’s income subject to self- employment tax. Schedule C single member LLC owners must do an added calculation starting with earned income to determine their maximum contribution, which, in effect, brings the maximum 25% of compensation limit down to 20% of earned income. A step-by-step worksheet for this calculation can be found in IRS Publication 560. In general, compensation is your net earnings from self-employment. This definition takes into account both of the following items: (i) the deduction for one-half of your self-employment tax, and (ii) the deduction for contributions on your behalf to the plan.

Profit-sharing contributions must be funded by the business’s tax-filing deadline.

Multiple-Member LLC

Employee Deferral

In the case of a multiple member LLC, the multiple-member LLC owners under the age of age 50 may make employee deferral contributions up to $18,000 for 2016 (an employee over the age of 50 may make a $6,000 annual catch-up contribution for an annual deferral contribution limitation of $24,000). The multiple-member LLC owners must elect to make the employee deferral contribution by December 31 of the year. However, the employee deferral contribution can be made up until the tax-filing deadline.

The employee deferral contribution can be made using pre-tax and/or after-tax (Roth) funds.

Profit Sharing Contribution

The multiple-member LLC business may make annual profit sharing contributions for the business owners annually. Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(3) states that the amount of employer profit sharing contributions is limited to 25 percent of the entity’s income subject to self-employment tax. Profit-sharing contributions must be funded by the business’s tax-filing deadline.

C Corporation & S Corporation

Employee Deferral

An employee of a corporation will receive a W-2. When it comes to making employee deferral contributions, the employee must make the deferral contribution during the year. The timing of the deferral contribution will typically depend on the business. In the case of a corporation that uses a payroll company, the employee deferral will typically be deducted from the employee’s paycheck. If the company does not use a payroll system, the employee can elect to make deferral contributions at anytime during the year. Once the election is made the Department of Labor safe harbor is that the funds are deposited into the Solo 401(k) Plan account within 7 days. The employee making the employee contribution should make sure that he or she has earned enough compensation during the pay period to cover the employee contribution. For example, if the employee wishes to make a employee deferral contribution of $18,000 on December 30th, the employee will need to be sure that he or she has earned sufficient compensation during the pay period to cover the deferral contribution.

The employee deferral contribution can be made using pre-tax and/or after-tax (Roth) funds.

Profit Sharing Contributions

The corporation may make profit sharing contributions for corporation’s owner(s)/employee(s) annually. Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(3) states that the amount of employer profit sharing contributions is limited to 25 percent of the entity’s income subject to self-employment tax.

Profit-sharing contributions must be funded by the business’s tax-filing deadline.

Please contact one of our Solo 401k Experts at 800-472-0646 for more information.

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Dec 13

Non-Deductible 401k Contribution Strategy

The Secret Way to Boost Your Annual 401(k) Plan Contributions

In the case of an IRA, most people know that IRA contributions can be made in pre-tax, after-tax, or Roth. However, it is not widely known that a Solo 401(k) plan can allow you to make non-deductible plan contributions based off your income on a dollar for dollar basis.

Types of Plan Contributions

A contribution to a pre-tax 401(k) plan is a tax-deductible contribution; however, it is subject to tax when distributed. Unlike pre-tax elective contributions, a Roth 401(k) plan contribution is an after-tax contribution that is currently includible in gross income but generally tax-free when distributed. Whereas, when after-tax plan contributions are made from an employee’s compensation (other than Roth contributions), then an employee must include it as income on his or her tax return.

Non-Deductible 401(k) Plan Contribution Tax Strategy

Generally, when an individual is over the age of 50, he or she is able to make employee deferrals in a pre-tax fund or Roth of up to $18,000 or $24,000. A profit sharing contribution can be made in pre-tax funds in the amount equal to 25% of compensation (20% in case of self-employment or a single member LLC), and both contributions cannot exceed $53,000 or $59,000 in the aggregate for 2016. An after-tax deferral, (neither Roth or pre-tax), is also an option that can go up to $53,000 or $59,000 and include other plan contributions such as employee deferrals and profit sharing. For example, if a 40-year-old self-employed individual earns $100,000 in 2016, he or she would be able to make a maximum employee deferral contribution of $18,000 in pre-tax funds or Roth and make an after-tax contribution dollar-for dollar equal to $35,000. This is the difference between $53,000 (the maximum annual 401(k) contribution for 2016) and $18,000, the maximum employee deferral contributions limit. Those contributions can then be converted to a Roth. The advantage of making after-tax contributions versus a profit sharing contribution is that you can make a dollar for dollar contribution as opposed to a profit sharing contribution, which is based off a percentage of your compensation (20% or 25%). If a profit sharing contribution were made instead of an after-tax contribution, the individual would only be able to make a $20,000 contribution, giving him or her an annual contribution of just $38,000 versus $53,000 if employee deferrals were combined with after-tax contributions.

Is the Nondeductible 401(k) Contribution Option New?

No, Non-deductible 401(k) plan contributions are not new, but new IRS regulations (Notice 2014-54) make after-tax contributions more appealing and allows the retiree to effectively segregate the after-tax assets from the pre-tax funds. The pre-tax funds can be rolled into a Traditional IRA, whereas the after-tax dollars can be converted into a Roth IRA.

Do All Solo 401(k) Plans Allow for Non-Deductible contributions?

No. You must check the 401(k) plan documents to confirm that the plan allows for non-deductible contributions. IRA Financial Group’s Solo 401(k) Plan allows for non-deductible contributions, in addition to pre-tax and Roth contributions.

For additional information on making non-deductible contributions to a Solo 401(k) plan, please contact one of our Solo 401(k) plan experts at 800-472-0646.

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Nov 01

New 2017 Solo 401(k) Plan Contribution Limits Expected To Increase Demand for Self-Directed Solo 401(k) Plan

Increase Solo 401(k) Contribution Limit to $54,000 and $60,000, if over the age of 50, for 2017 offers exciting retirement benefits for the self-employed

IRA Financial Group, the leading provider of self-directed solo 401(k) plans, is proud to announce 2017 new contribution limits released by the IRS for IRA and 401(k) plans. Under the 2017 Solo 401k contribution limits, if under the age of fifty, Solo 401(k) plan employee deferrals will remain the same as 2016, but profit sharing contributions would go from $35000 to $36000 for a Total of $54,000 for 2017. Whereas, if over the age of fifty, Solo 401(k) plan employee deferral contributions would stay at $24,000 whereby employer profit sharing contributions would go from $35,000 to $36,000 for a Total of $60,000 for 2017. “The IRS has increased the limitation for defined contribution plans under Section 415(c)(1)(A) for 2017 from $53,000 to $54,000 and from $59,000 to $60,000, if over the age of 50″, stated Adam Bergman, a partner with the IRA Financial Group.

New 2017 Solo 401(k) Plan Contribution Limits Expected To Increase Demand for Self-Directed Solo 401(k) PlanThe solo 401(k) Plan, also known as the individual 401(k) Plan or self-directed 401(k), is an IRS approved qualified retirement plan that was created specifically for the self-employed. The IRS created the solo 401k Plan to be a cost effective retirement solution for the self-employed or a business owner with no employees. A solo 401K is perfect for sole proprietors, small businesses and independent contractors such as consultants. A solo 401k plan offers the same advantages as a self-directed IRA, but without having to hire a special custodian or create an LLC. A solo 401(k) plan can be adopted by any business type, including a sole proprietorship, Corporation, LLC, or partnership. With IRA Financial Group’s IRS approved solo 401(k) plan, as trustee of the solo 401(k) plan, the plan participant has the ability to make investment decisions on behalf of the plan without seeking the consent of the custodian.

“The beauty of IRA Financial Group’s IRS approved self-directed Solo 401(k) plan is that is a trustee directed checkbook control plan that can be opened at most local banks and major financial institutions allowing one to make traditional or alternative asset investments, make high contributions in pre-tax, after-tax, or Roth, benefit from the loan feature, while not having to incur any account value, transaction or termination fees,” stated Mr. Bergman.

The IRA Financial Group was founded by a group of top law firm tax and ERISA lawyers who have worked at some of the largest law firms in the United States, such as White & Case LLP, Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP, and Thelen LLP.

IRA Financial Group is the leading provider of Solo 401(k) Plan solutions. IRA Financial Group has helped thousands of clients take back control over their retirement funds while gaining the ability to invest in almost any type of investment, including real estate and private business investments without custodian consent.

To learn more about the IRA Financial Group please visit our website at http://www.irafinancialgroup.com or call 800-472-0646.

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Sep 09

Can You Contribute to Both a Solo 401k and SEP IRA?

Yes. You can make contributions to both a SEP and a Solo 401K Plan. In other words, a business can have both a SEP IRA and a Solo 401(K) Plan, although, there is generally no advantage for a business to have both active at the same time.

A Solo 401(k) Plan includes both an employee and profit sharing contribution option, whereas, a SEP IRA is purely a profit sharing plan.

Under the 2016 Solo 401(k) contribution rules, a plan participant under the age of 50 can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $18,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax or after-tax (Roth). On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $53,000.

For plan participants over the age of 50, an individual can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $24,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax or after-tax (Roth). On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $59,000.

Whereas, a SEP IRA would only allows for a profit sharing contribution. Hence, a participant in a SEP IRA would be limited to 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum of $53,000 for 2016. No employee deferral exists for a SEP IRA.

For example, Joe, who is 60 years old, owns 100% of an S Corporation with no full time employees. Joe earned $100,000 in self-employment W-2 wages for 2016. If Joe had a Solo 401(k) Plan established for 2016, Joe would be able to defer approximately $49,000 for 2016 (a $24,000 employee deferral, which could be pre-tax or Roth, and 25% of his compensation giving him $49,000 for the year). Whereas, if Joe established a SEP IRA, Joe would only be able to defer approximately $25,000 (25% if his compensation) for 2016.

In other words, having both a SEP IRA and a Solo 401(k) Plan will not allow a business owner to defer more than $53,000 ($59,000 if the individual is over the age of 50) for 2016. Most individuals will use a Solo 401(k) Plan vs. a SEP IRA since you can reach the maximum annual contribution limit quicker than a SEP IRA since the Solo 401(k) Plan includes both an employee deferral and profit sharing component, whereas, a SEP IRA includes just a profit sharing component.

To learn more about the benefits of a Solo 401(k) Plan vs. a SEP IRA, please contact a tax professional at 800-472-0646.

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