Jan 25

Choosing Between a Regular 401k and a Roth 401k

With tax season in full swing, many people will be seeking advice from their accountants.  This is a good time to start planning how you’ll contribute to your employer-sponsored retirement plan.  More people are allowed to contribute to a Roth 401k, assuming your plan offers it.  Is it better to contribute to a Roth or stick with a traditional 401k plan?

Choosing Between a Regular 401k and a Roth 401kAs you know, no matter what type of plan you choose, contributions are deducted right from your paycheck.  The main difference between the two plans is when you pay taxes.  With a Roth 401k, you pay the taxes right away.  Since you’ve paid the taxes already, come retirement your distributions will be tax-free, not only on your principle, but your earnings as well.  On the other hand, taxes are deferred if you invest in a traditional plan.  You don’t pay taxes until you take distributions during retirement.

Another benefit of the traditional 401k, is that your taxable income is lessened by the amount you contribute to the plan.  If you make $75K per year and contribute $10K, then your taxable income drops to $65,000 for the year and that’s what you’ll owe taxes on.

Choosing which type of plan to invest in will rely heavily on your age and income.  Those well into their working careers and are nearing retirement are usually earning the highest amounts of their lives.  It makes sense to defer taxes until later on and receive the tax break now.  However, if you’re in your 20s and are just beginning your working career, you aren’t earning the type of money you will during your prime.  Your tax bracket is probably low so the immediate tax break won’t be necessary.  Plus, you’ll be paying taxes at a lower rate than you will later on in life.

It gets a bit trickier if you fall in between the two extremes.  You may be in your 30’s but not earning your full potential or in your 40’s and switching careers for example.  One strategy to use is to diversify.  We’re not talking asset allocation, but tax diversification.  You can make both regular and Roth contributions.  The split will best be determined by how much you make (you want to defer more taxes) and how much you have left in your working life.

One final thought is that many plans still don’t offer Roth options.  If you want to stay invested with your work plan (especially when there’s a company match), you can look to a Roth IRA to help diversify and have the best of both worlds.

If you have any questions about which route is best for you, contact the tax experts at the IRA Financial Group at 800.472.0646 today!

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

Dec 07

The Minimum Distribution Rules (RMD) for Solo 401(k) Plans

What is an RMD?

Once you reach the age of 70½, you must start to better understand the required minimum distributions (RMD) rules. That’s because, upon reaching this age, the IRS requires you to withdraw at least a minimum amount each year from all your IRAs and retirement plans—except Roth IRAs—and pay ordinary income taxes on the taxable portion of your withdrawal.

The Minimum Distribution Rules (RMD) for Solo 401(k) PlansDuring the April following the calendar year that the owner reaches age 70½ and is no longer employed (this does not apply in the case of a business whether the owner owns more than 10% of the stock), they are legally required to take a Required Minimum Distribution (RMD), also called a Minimum Required Distribution (MRD). Distributions taken late are taxed at the rate of 50%, whereas the account owner can elect the tax withholding rate for RMDs taken on time. RMDs are partial annual payments required by the IRS. The rule is in place to ensure that retirees actually withdraw from retirement accounts rather than using them as a vehicle to pass money to heirs. The RMD amount is based on the preceding December 31 value of the account balance and life expectancy tables.

For any account with an RMD, any distribution from that account during the year will count toward that year’s RMD. You may take more than your RMD in any given year. However, amounts withdrawn in excess of your annual RMD won’t satisfy your RMD requirements in future years.

That’s because the IRS requires each year’s RMD to be calculated using the previous year’s fair market value.

Are RMD Distributions Subject to Withholding?

When you take your RMD, you can have state or federal taxes withheld immediately, or you may be able to wait until you file your taxes.   An RMD distribution is not treated as an eligible rollover. If you request a rollover and an RMD is due for the year, you must satisfy the RMD before rolling over the remainder of your eligible money. In general, since an RMD is not an eligible rollover distribution it is not subject to the 20% withholding tax.  Hence, there is no 20% withholding tax on an RMD, but a 10% federal income tax would be withheld on the taxable portion of your RMD. RMDs may also be subject to state taxes. However, in most cases, you may elect to have no federal or state income tax withheld or to have more than 10% federal tax withheld would apply, although it may be waived.

Satisfying the RMD Rules

The Solo 401(k) plan participant is responsible for satisfying the RMD. The Code does not permit participants to satisfy their RMD from another plan of the same type [e.g., 403(b), 401(k), etc.].  RMDs are to be satisfied from each individual plan subject to that plan’s rules for RMDs.

Calculating the RMD

RMD is calculated by dividing the adjusted market value of the account as of December 31 of the prior year by the applicable life expectancy factor, which is obtained from

the appropriate life expectancy table. The Uniform Lifetime Table is generally used to determine the RMD. If a participant’s spouse is more than 10 years younger and is the sole designated beneficiary, the Joint Life and Last Survivor Expectancy Table is used.

For example, to calculate your RMD you would do the following:

Your RMD amount is determined by applying a life expectancy factor set by the IRS to your account balance at the end of the previous year. To calculate your RMD:

  • Find your age in the IRS Uniform Lifetime Table.
  • Locate the corresponding life expectancy factor.
  • Divide your retirement account balance as of December 31 of the prior year by your life expectancy factor.

How is the RMD calculated Upon death of the Participant – Spousal Beneficiary

Spousal beneficiary refers to the surviving husband or wife who was legally married to the originating participant on the date of the originating participant’s death. The General Board will pay the benefit to the spousal beneficiary if the participant dies before receiving a benefit or a complete distribution from his or her account, unless another beneficiary is entitled to the plan’s benefits.

When is a spousal beneficiary required to begin taking RMDs?

If the participant dies before the required beginning date, and no election was made by the required beginning date prior to the participant’s death, the spousal beneficiary will begin receiving RMDs. The spouse’s required beginning date is December 31 of the year the deceased participant would have reached age 70ó or December 31 of the year following the year of his or her death, whichever is later. Subsequent RMDs must be paid no later than December 31 of every year thereafter.

The RMD is calculated by dividing the adjusted market value of the account as of December 31 of the prior year by the applicable life expectancy factor, which is obtained from the appropriate life expectancy table.

If the participant dies before his or her required beginning date, the spouse’s life expectancy is determined using the Single-Life Table and recalculated each year that an RMD is due. If the participant dies on or after his or her required beginning date, life expectancies are determined using the Single-Life Table. The life expectancy of the participant (using his or her age in the year of death) is compared to the life expectancy of the spouse, and the longer life expectancy is used. If the longer life expectancy is that of the participant, it is reduced each year by one. If the longer life expectancy is that of the spouse, it is recalculated each year. (Recalculation generally will reduce the amount of each RMD, causing the payments to be made over a longer period of time.)

How is the RMD calculated Upon death of the Participant – Non-Spousal Beneficiary

Non-spousal beneficiaries are the persons or entities (such as estates or trusts) to whom the General Board will pay account balances if the participant dies before receiving complete distributions of his or her accounts.

When is a non-spousal beneficiary required to begin taking RMDs?

If the participant dies before the required beginning date, and if no election is made by December 31 following the calendar year of death for a distribution over the life of the non-spousal beneficiar(ies), the non-spousal beneficiar(ies) will receive the entire account balance by December 31 of the fifth year following the participant’s death. If the participant dies on or after his or her required beginning date, the non-spousal beneficiary must continue to receive RMDs. If the non-spousal beneficiary is an estate, trust or other entity, it may elect to receive the remaining benefits in a lump-sum or to defer payment until as late as December 31 of the fifth year following the participant’s death.

What life expectancy table is used to calculate the RMD?

If the participant dies before his or her required beginning date, and if the beneficiary elects to receive distributions over his or her life, the beneficiary’s life expectancy is determined using the Single-Life Table. Each year thereafter, the life expectancy is reduced by one. If more than one beneficiary shares in each RMD, the life expectancy of the oldest beneficiary is used. If the participant dies on/after his or her required beginning date, the beneficiary must continue to receive annual RMDs. The life expectancy of the participant is compared to the life expectancy of the beneficiary, and the longer life expectancy is used. Each year thereafter, the life expectancy is reduced by one.

How to Calculate RMDs with multiple retirement accounts?

If you have more than one retirement plan, you’ll need to calculate the RMD of each plan separately. However, you may add the RMD amounts of all IRAs (including traditional, rollover, SIMPLE, and SEP-IRAs) and withdraw the total amount from any one or more of your IRAs. The same rules apply to 403(b) accounts.

For example, assume that you have three IRAs. Your RMDs are $3,000 from the first IRA; $2,000 from the second IRA; and $2,000 from the third IRA. If you wish, you can take $7,000 from any one or more of your IRAs to satisfy your RMD for the year.

If you have accounts in several 401(k) or other employer-sponsored plans, such as a solo 401(k) Plan, the IRS generally requires you to calculate a separate RMD for each retirement plan in which you participate and withdraw the appropriate distribution from each plan.

Work with the IRA Financial Group

Your assigned tax partner and CPA will work with you to understand and help calculate the annual RMD amounts for your Solo 401(k) plan, if applicable. For additional information on the Solo 401(k) Plan RMD rules, please contact a retirement tax expert at 800-472-0646.

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

Oct 05

How Are Roth 401(k) Distributions Taxed?

How Are Roth 401(k) Distributions Taxed?All distributions from Roth 401(k) plans are either qualified distributions or nonqualified distributions. If the distribution is a qualified distribution, the early distribution tax does not apply. Qualified distributions must satisfy two key elements – 1) The account must have been open for at least five years and 2) you must be at least age 59 1/2. The early distribution tax applies only to those distributions that are subject to income tax. Because all qualified distributions from Roth 401(k) Plans are tax free, they are also exempt from the early distribution tax as well.

 

A “ qualified distribution” from a Roth IRA is excluded from gross income. To be qualified, a distribution must satisfy both of the following requirements:

  • It must not occur before the fifth taxable year following the year for which a Roth IRA contribution was first made by the taxpayer or the taxpayer’s spouse.
  • It must be made after the account owner reaches age 59 1/2 or becomes disabled, be made to the owner’s beneficiary or estate after the owner’s death, or be a “qualified special purpose distribution.”

For more information about the benefits of the Roth 401(k) plan, please contact a 401(k) Expert from the IRA Financial Group @ 800.472.0646.

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

Aug 04

The Advantages of the Roth Solo 401(k) Plan

The Roth Solo 401(k) Plan is the ultimate tax-free retirement solution for the self-employed. With federal and state income tax rates expected to increase in the future, gaining the ability to generate tax-free returns from your retirement investments when you retire is the last surviving legal tax shelter. With a Roth Solo 401K you can make almost any investment tax-free, including real estate, tax liens, precious metals, currencies, options, and private business investments.  Once you hit the age of 59 1/2 you will be able to live off your Roth 401K assets without ever paying tax. Imagine if someone told you that if you started making Roth 401K contributions in your forties and by just generating a modest rate of return, you could have over a million dollars tax-free when you retire. With a Roth 401K, live off the Roth 401K investment income tax-free or take a portion of your Roth 401K funds and use it for any purpose without ever paying tax.

The Roth Solo 401(k) Plan Advantages

Power of Tax-Free Investing: One of the main attractions to the self-directed Roth Solo 401(k) plan is based on the fact that qualified distributions of Roth earnings are tax-free. As long as certain conditions are met and the distribution is a qualified distribution, the Roth solo 401(k) plan participant will never pay tax on any Roth distributions received. The advantage of contributing to a Roth solo 401(k) plan is that income and gains generated by the Roth 401(k) investment can be tax-free and penalty-free so long as certain requirements are satisfied. Unlike with a pre-tax solo 401(k) plan contributions, contributions to a Roth solo 401(k) are not tax deductible.

 

The power of tax-free investing can be best illustrated by way of the following examples:

Example 1: Joe, a self-employThe Roth Solo 401(k) Plan is the ultimate tax-free retirement solution for the self-employed.ed consultant began funding a Roth solo 401(k) plan with $3,000 per year at age 20 and would continue on through age 65. At age 65 Joe would wind up with $2.5 million at retirement (assuming they earn the long-run annual compound growth rate in stocks, which was 9.88 percent from 1926 to 2011). Not a bad result for investing only $3,000 a year.

Example 2: Ben, a self-employed real estate agent, who is 30 years began funding a Roth solo 401(k) plan with $8000 and wanted to know how much he would have at age 70 if he continued to make $8000 annual contributions and was able to earn at an 8% rate of return. Ben did some research and was astonished that at age 70 he would have a whopping $ 2,238,248 tax-free which he can then live off or pass to his wife or children tax-free.

Example 3: Mary, a self-employed real estate investor, who is 35 years began funding a Roth solo 401(k) plan with $13000 and wanted to know how much she would have at age 70 if she continued to make $13000 annual contributions and was able to earn at a 10% rate of return, which she felt was possible based off her past real estate investment returns. Mary did some research and was astonished that at age 70 she would have a whopping $ 3,875,649 tax-free which she could then live off or pass to her husband and children tax-free.

I am sure it may be hard for some of you to comprehend that putting away just a few thousand dollars a year in a Roth Solo 401(k) plan can leave you with millions of dollars tax-free. It’s as simple as making annual contributions to your Roth Solo 401(k) Plan and then generating tax-free returns from making real estate or other investments with your solo 401(k) plan.

High Contributions: A Roth Solo 401(k) combines features of the traditional 401(k) with those of the Roth IRA. Like a Solo 401K Plan, the Roth Solo 401K Plan is perfect for any self-employed individual or small business owner with no employees. The Roth Solo 401K Plan contains the same advantages of a Solo 401(k) Plan, but as with a Roth IRA, contributions are made with after-tax dollars. While you don’t get an upfront tax-deduction, the Roth 401K account grows tax-free, and withdrawals taken during retirement aren’t subject to income tax, provided you’re at least 59 1/2 and you’ve held the account for five years or more.

The Roth Solo 401(k) can offer advantages to self-employed individuals who wish to maximize their ability to generate tax-free retirement savings while receiving the ability to invest in real estate, precious metals, private businesses or funds tax-free and without custodian consent.

Unlike a Roth IRA, which limits individual Roth IRA contributions to $5,500 annually ($6,500 if the individual is 50 years or older), in 2017, with a Roth Solo 401(k) account, an individual can make Roth (after-tax) contributions of up to $18,000, or $24,000 for those 50 or older by the end of the year — allowing individuals to stock away thousands of dollars more in tax-free retirement income than they would through a Roth IRA.

A Roth Solo 401(k) is perfect for sole proprietors, small businesses and independent contractors such as consultants. The Roth Solo 401(k) plan is unique and so popular because it is considered the last remaining legal tax shelter available. There are so many features of the Roth Solo 401(k) plan that make it so appealing and popular among self-employed business owners.

Unlimited Investment Opportunities: With a Roth 401(k) Plan or Roth 401(k) plan sub-account, you can invest your after-tax Roth 401(k) Plan funds in real estate, precious metals, tax liens, private business investments, and much more tax-free! Unlike with a pre-tax 401(k) Plan, with a Roth 401(k) account, all income and gains would flow back tax-free to your account. As long as you have reached the age of 59 1/2 and have had the Roth 401(k) account opened at least five years, you can take Roth 401(k) Plan distributions tax-free. In other words, you can live off your Roth 401(k) Plan assets or income tax-free. With federal income tax rates expected increase, the ability to have a tax-free source of income upon retirement may be the difference between retiring early or not.

Loan Feature: While an IRA offers no participant loan feature, the Roth Solo 401k allows participants to borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of their account value (whichever is less) for any purpose at a low interest rate (the lowest interest rate is Prime which is 4.25% as of 6/23/17). This offers a Roth Solo 401(k) Plan participant the ability to access up to $50,000 to use for any purpose, including paying personal debt or funding a business.

Offset the Cost of Your Plan with a Tax Deduction: By paying for your Solo 401(k) with business funds, you would be eligible to claim a deduction for the cost of the plan, including annual maintenance fees. The deduction for the cost associated with the Solo 401(k) Plan and ongoing maintenance will help reduce your business’s income tax liability, which will in-turn offset the cost of adopting a self-directed Solo 401(k) Plan. The retirement tax professionals at the IRA Financial Group will help you take advantage of the available business tax deduction for adopting a Solo 401(k) Plan.

Cost Effective Administration: In general, the Roth solo 401(k) plan is easy to operate. There is generally no annual filing requirement unless your solo 401(k) plan exceeds $250,000 in assets, in which case you will need to file a short information return with the IRS (Form 5500-EZ).

Exemption from UDFI: When an IRA buys real estate that is leveraged with mortgage financing, it creates Unrelated Debt Financed Income (“UDFI”) – a type of Unrelated Business Taxable Income (also known as “UBTI” or “UBIT”) on which taxes must be paid. The UBTI tax is approximately 40% for 2017. Whereas, with a Roth Solo 401(k) plan, you can use leverage without being subject to the UDFI rules and UBTI tax. This exemption provides significant tax advantages for using a Roth Solo 401(k) Plan versus an IRA to purchase real estate.

To learn more about the Roth Solo 401(k) Plan, please contact a 401(k) expert at 800-472-0646.

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

May 30

What Are Your Options if Your Inherit a Solo 401k Plan?

If you are a beneficiary (rather than the owner) of a qualified plan, such as a Solo 401(k), and receive a distribution as a result of the owner’s death, in general you have the following options:

  • Pay ordinary income tax: If plan assets are distributed to you, then you will have to report the distribution as income on your tax return. However, if you receive a distribution from a plan you inherited, you will not have to pay an early distribution tax, even if you are younger than 59 1/2. The penalty is waived for inherited plans.
  • Roll over the distribution: If you inherit a qualified plan and you were the spouse of the original owner, you can roll over the distribution into a traditional or Roth IRA. However, if you inherit a retirement plan, such as a 401(k) Plan, and you were not the spouse of the original owner, then you may roll over the plan assets into a traditional IRA only if you follow certain rules. For example, you may not roll over the assets into a plan or IRA that is in your own name (you must establish a new IRA that is titled in the name of the deceased with you as the designated beneficiary).
  • Convert to a Roth IRA: A spouse that inherits a retirement plan is provided virtually all of the distribution options offered to the deceased plan participant. Beginning in 2008, non-spouse beneficiaries also have the options to transfer the assets to a Roth IRA subject to certain rules.
  • Use ten-year averaging.

Please contact one of our 401(k) Experts at 800-472-0646 for more information.

Mar 28

Avoiding Required Minimum Distribution Rules With A Roth 401(k) Plan

Here’s another article from Forbes by our own Adam Bergman –

In the case of a 401(k) qualified retirement plan, when one reaches the age of 70 1/2, a 401(k) plan participant generally is required to start taking taxable withdrawals, also known as required minimum distributions (“RMDs”) from their 401(k) plan.  The same RMD rules apply to pre-tax IRAs, SIMPLE IRAs and SEP IRAs.  However, Roth IRAs, which consists of after-tax contributions and which can generate tax-free returns, do not require RMDs until after the death of the owner or his/her spouse. This exception to the RMD rules for Roth IRAs allow for some tax planning opportunities.

Avoiding Required Minimum Distribution Rules With A Roth 401(k) PlanNot all employer sponsored 401(k) plans offer a Roth component.  For employer sponsored 401(k) plans that offer a Roth option, eligible employees generally have the option to make pre-tax as well as Roth employee deferral contributions. Under 401(k) plan rules, a plan participant who reached the age of 70 1/2 would be required to take RMDs on both the pre-tax and Roth amounts. RMDs are the minimum amount one must withdraw from the retirement account each year.  RMD withdrawals will be included in the plan participant’s taxable income except for any part that was taxed before (basis) or that can be received tax-free (such as qualified distributions from designated Roth accounts).

The RMD amount for any given year is the total account balance in the retirement account as of the end of the immediately preceding calendar year (12/31) divided by a distribution period as set forth by the IRS each year. Accordingly, if a plan participant nearing or over the age of 70 1/2 has a Roth 401(k) account in a 401(k) plan, the individual can directly rollover the Roth funds to a Roth IRA tax-free prior to 12/31 leaving the Roth 401(k) account with a zero balance and, thus, avoiding the RMD rules since a Roth IRA is not subject to the RMD rules.

For example, Jen is sixty-nine years old and has $185,000 in her employer sponsored Roth 401(k) plan.  If Jen left the Roth 401(k) funds in the 401(k) plan she would become subject to the RMD rules at 70 1/2.  However, if Jen elected to directly rollover the Roth 401(k) plan funds tax-free into a Roth IRA prior to 12/31, she would be able to avoid the RMD rules and, thus, gain the opportunity to continue increasing the value of the Roth account without having to take yearly withdrawals.

For a participant in an employer sponsored 401(k) plan who has a Roth account and is nearing or over the age of 70 1/2, understanding the Roth 401(k) and Roth IRA RMD rules and exceptions could help further advance the overall value of the Roth account as well as offer some potentially valuable estate planning opportunities.

For more information about the Roth 401(k), please contact us @ 800.472.0646.

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

Mar 10

Who Will Benefit Most From a Solo 401k Plan?

The Solo 401(k) plan is unique and so popular because it is designed explicitly for small, owner only business. It’s a tax efficient and cost effective plan that offers all the benefits of a Self Directed IRA plan, and includes additional benefits, such as high contribution limits (up to $60,000) and a $50,000 loan feature. There are many features of the Solo 401(k) plan that make it so appealing and popular among self employed business owners. A solo 401(k) Plan is typically used by owner owned business for the following purposes:

  • High Contribution Limits: Under the 2017 Solo 401(k) contribution rules, a plan participant under the age of 50 can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $18,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax or after-tax (Roth). On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral.For plan participants over the age of 50, an individual can make a maximum employee deferral contribution in the amount of $24,000. That amount can be made in pre-tax or after-tax (Roth). On the profit sharing side, the business can make a 25% (20% in the case of a sole proprietorship or single member LLC) profit sharing contribution up to a combined maximum, including the employee deferral, of $60,000.
  • Loan Feature: While an IRA offers no participant loan feature, the Solo 401k allows participants to borrow up to $50,000 or 50% of their account value (whichever is less) for any purpose.
  • Finance a Business or investment: Borrow up to $50,000 to finance a business or make an investment.
  • Flexible Investment Options: You can invest in almost any type of investment, including real estate, private business entities and commercial paper and channel the gains back into your 401(k) tax free.
  • Roth Type Contributions: With IRAs, those who earn high incomes are disallowed from contributing to a Roth IRA or converting their IRA to a Roth IRA. The Solo 401(k) plan contains a built in Roth sub-account which can be contributed to without any income restrictions.
  • Cost Effective Administration: In general, the solo 401(k) plan is easy to operate. There is generally no annual filing requirement unless your solo 401(k) plan exceeds $250,000 in assets, in which case you will need to file a short information return with the IRS (Form 5500).
  • Exemption from UDFI: When an IRA buys real estate that is leveraged with mortgage financing, it creates Unrelated Debt Financed Income (a type of Unrelated Business Taxable Income) on which taxes must be paid. A Solo 401(k) plan is exempt from UDFI.

Retirement Saving Consolidation Through Rollovers

A solo 401(k) plan can accept rollovers of funds from another retirement savings vehicle, such as an IRA, a SEP, or a previous employer’s 401(k) plan.

Please contact one of our 401(k) Experts at 800-472-0646 for more information.

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

Mar 08

New Podcast – How to Get Around the RMD Rules With a Roth 401k Plan

IRA Financial Group’s Adam Bergman discusses strategies for circumventing or delaying RMDs with a Roth 401k Plan.

IRAFG Logo Small

Click Here to Listen

 

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

Nov 30

What Are the Distribution Rules for a Roth Solo 401k?

The required distribution rules that force you to begin taking money out of your retirement plans and Traditional IRAs during your lifetime also apply to Roth Solo 401(k) Plans. The required distribution rules also force your beneficiaries to take distributions from the account after your death.

What Are the Distribution Rules for a Roth Solo 401k?Note: the rules for a Roth Solo 401(k) Plan are different from those for a Roth IRA. If you have a Roth Solo 401(k) plan, you must begin taking distributions from the account when you reach age 70 and 1/2, or after you retire, if that is later.

For more information about the Roth Solo 401(k), please contact the IRA Financial Group @ 800.472.0646.

 

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page

Nov 15

When Inheriting a Solo 401k, What Are my Options?

If you are a beneficiary (rather than the owner) of a qualified plan, such as a Solo 401(k), and receive a distribution as a result of the owner’s death, in general you have the following options:

  • Pay ordinary income tax: If plan assets are distributed to you, then you will have to report the distribution as income on your tax return. However, if you receive a distribution from a plan you inherited, you will not have to pay an early distribution tax, even if you are younger than 591/2. The penalty is waived for inherited plans.
  • Roll over the distribution: If you inherit a qualified plan and you were the spouse of the original owner, you can roll over the distribution into a traditional or Roth IRA. However, if you inherit a retirement plan, such as a 401(k) Plan, and you were not the spouse of the original owner, then you may roll over the plan assets into a traditional IRA only if you follow certain rules. For example, you may not roll over the assets into a plan or IRA that is in your own name (you must establish a new IRA that is titled in the name of the deceased with you as the designated beneficiary).
  • Convert to a Roth IRA: A spouse that inherits a retirement plan is provided virtually all of the distribution options offered to the deceased plan participant. Beginning in 2008, non-spouse beneficiaries also have the options to transfer the assets to a Roth IRA subject to certain rules.
  • Use ten-year averaging.

Please contact one of our 401(k) Experts at 800-472-0646 for more information.

IRA Financial Group Facebook pageIRA Financial Group Twitter pageamazon-logoIRA Financial Group Tumblr pageIRA Financial Group Pinterest page